When Lausanne Agreement Will End
One hundred years have passed since the European powers met the founding father of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. This meeting in the Swiss city of Lausanne defined the territorial borders of the modern Turkish state and then created a fundamental myth of Turkish victory over European imperialists and oppressors. 100 years later, however, the story is quite different; Recep Tayyip Erdogan`s Justice and Development Party (AKP) has ushered a new era of authoritarianism and nationalism in the Turkish Republic, an era that hopes to use the dissolution of the Lausanne Treaty in 2023 to its advantage. Although official historiography and political history deny any idea of an expansive Turkey in the 2020s, delegates to this committee will take their work away from the treaty`s expiration in 2023 and from the expansive rhetoric and actions of a Turkey in the near future. Delegates will represent regional and international actors who are concerned about the future of the Middle East and the possible rise of another Turkish empire. The Bosphorus Strait controls trade around the world. Hundreds of ships cross this strait every day. This strait has been declared international. Turkey cannot impose anything on ships.
After 2023, Turkey will be able to levy taxes on ships crossing the Bosphorus. Turkey is planning a project to connect the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmora, the aim of which is to facilitate movement in the Bosphorus. In addition, Turkey`s recent diplomatic and political measures demonstrate the state`s willingness to reconquer the long-lost Ottoman Empire. Subsequently, the “Lausanne II Conference” took place, the work of which lasted three months and led to the signing of the “Treaty of Lausanne”, an international peace agreement on July 24, 1923 in the hotel “Beau Plus Rivage” in Lausanne, southern Switzerland, the contracting parties include the victorious powers after the First World War (in particular Great Britain, the France and Italy) and the Ottoman Empire, which led its delegation to the conference, Ismet Inonu, and officially on the basis of which the Ottoman Empire was divided and the Turkish Republic was founded under the presidency of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. We can understand some aspects of the persistent differences between Turkey and the West that Western countries fear with the end of the treaty, Turkey will find the justification for its intervention in Mosul, which belonged to Turkey for more than four centuries until it lost it in the First World War. The resumption of energy exploration and the recharging of fleets and ships sailing between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean will allow Turkey`s declining economy to make a huge economic leap. The Arabs are not sure of themselves and feel uncomfortable with the idea of the end of the Treaty of Lausanne. The end of this treaty will give Turkey full rights over Mecca and Medina, which will transfer the respect and affection of Muslims for the Saudis to the Turks. The majority of Muslims show immense respect for the Saudis because they have declared themselves guardians of Mecca and Medina and protect the holy ones.
If the Saudis do not have the rights to the holy sites, they will lose that unimaginable respect in the hearts of Muslims, especially after their alliances with the West and fanatical Jews. In addition to Turkey`s role in Libya, Syria and Iraq, Turkey won an additional victory from its own point of view when Armenia handed over massive parts of the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh to Azerbaijan, Turkey`s ally. Among many agreements, there was a separate agreement with the United States, the Chester Concession. In 1839, Britain invaded China to crush resistance to its involvement in the country`s economic and political affairs, and one of the main objectives of the British War was to occupy Hong Kong Island, which was populated off the coast of southeastern China. The new British colony (Hong Kong Island) enjoyed prosperity as it became a trading center between East and West and a commercial gateway and distribution center for southern China, and in 1898, Britain received an additional 99 years of rule over Hong Kong under the Second Beijing Accords. In addition, it will be free to seize the rich resources, including those located in northern Iraq, and they will have the right to seize the underground resources and start drilling for resource exploration. In addition, Turkey could extend its global border in Lausanne to the territories of Greece, Bulgaria, Armenia, Iraq and Syria. Turkish troops are already present in Syria and are playing an active role in the conflict. On the other hand, it is also in conflict with Greece on the islands. Such circumstances indicate the geographical and political changes in the region in the world order after Lausanne. This will defiantly change the entire geopolitical situation in the region, which is pinching the Arabs. In addition, energy exploration in the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara, billing for shipments and fleets for passage through Turkey`s sea lanes will also pose economic challenges for the Arabs.
At the same time, in the Treaty of Lausanne, Turkey had to relinquish its control over the Bosphorus Strait, which connects the Aegean and Black Seas. It is the busiest waterway that opens the region, with about 48,000 vehicles crossing the straight line each year. It has been declared “open to all”, but in the post-Lausanne world it will be under the full and exclusive control of the Turks. Government spokesman Stelios Petsas said: “There is a framework, it is clear and it is that of exploratory contacts,” adding: “We have a difference which is the demarcation of marine areas. We hope that Turkey will put an end to provocative actions and provocative statements and pick up where it was cut off in March 2016. In September 1984, after years of negotiations, the British and Chinese signed a formal agreement that approved the island to China in 1997 in exchange for China`s promise to maintain Hong Kong`s capitalist system, and on the first of July 1997, Hong Kong was officially handed over to China at a ceremony attended by a number of Chinese and British personalities. The head of Hong Kong`s new government, Tung Chee Hwa, has established a policy based on the concept of “one country, two systems” that maintains Hong Kong`s role as a major capitalist center in Asia. The treaty was ratified by Turkey on August 23, 1923, and all other signatories until July 16, 1924.  It came into force on July 6, 1924. It entered into force in 1924 when the instruments of ratification were officially deposited in Paris.  U.S.
observers often forget that when the AKP came to power in 2003, almost all of Turkey`s borders, not just those in the Middle East, were potential hot spots. A war with Greece seemed like a real possibility, let alone Iran, Syria, Iraq or Armenia. .